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Syndromes & Hearing Loss

There are a few genetic syndromes can present hearing loss as the primary or secondary features.


Some of the syndromes and its symptoms are


1. ALPORT SYNDROME:

  • Hearing loss

  • Abnormal urine colour

  • Blood in the urine

  • Dreased vision

  • Cough

  • Body and face swelling

2. EHLERS-DANLOS SYNDROME: It is characterized by the hyper-mobility of the middle ear bones, causing hearing loss.


3. PENDRED SYNDROME:

  • Sensorineural hearing loss present at birth

  • Inner ear changes and enlargement of the thyroid gland

  • An enlarged vestibular aqueduct - an inner ear abnormality.

  • Balance problems caused by altered vestibular function

4. STICKLER SYNDROME:

  • Facial features, such as a flat face with a small nose and chin.

  • Hearing loss

  • Myopia

  • Early joint disease

  • Cleft palate

  • Mitral valve prolapse

5. TREACHER-COLLINS SYNDROME:

  • Hearing loss

  • Abnormal to almost completely absent external ears

  • Underdevelopment or absence of cheekbones

  • Small and slanting jaw

  • Large mouth and nose

  • Defect in lower eyelid

  • Scalp hair extending onto cheeks

  • Cleft palate

6. USHER'S SYNDROME:

  • Progressive hearing loss

  • Progressive vision impairment


In any of these syndromes, routine hearing evaluation by a qualified audiologist is must.




 

Lovedeep Kholia, M.Sc, Audiology

Mr. Lovedeep Kholia, has vast experience in audiology practice. He has been heading Audiology Department of Unicare Speech & Hearing Clinic from past six years and he is working towards spreading awareness regarding hearing loss and its treatment.

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